Maximum Cut Parameterized by Crossing Number
Vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 155-170, 2020. Regular paper.
Abstract Given an edge-weighted graph $G$ on $n$ nodes, the NP-hard $\rm{M\small{AX}}$-$\rm{C\small{UT}}$ problem asks for a node bipartition such that the sum of edge weights joining the different partitions is maximized. We propose a fixed-parameter tractable algorithm parameterized by the number $k$ of crossings in a given drawing of $G$. Our algorithm achieves a running time of $\mathcal{O}(2^{k} \cdot p(n+k))$, where $p$ is the polynomial running time for planar $\rm{M\small{AX}}$-$\rm{C\small{UT}}$. The only previously known similar algorithm [Dahn et al, IWOCA 2018] is restricted to embedded 1-planar graphs (i.e., at most one crossing per edge) and its dependency on $k$ is of order $3^k$. Finally, combining this with the fact that crossing number is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to itself, we see that $\rm{M\small{AX}}$-$\rm{C\small{UT}}$ is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the crossing number, even without a given drawing. Moreover, the results naturally carry over to the minor-monotone-version of crossing number.
Submitted: August 2019.
Reviewed: December 2019.
Revised: January 2020.
Accepted: February 2020.
Final: February 2020.
Published: March 2020.
Communicated by Giuseppe Liotta
article (PDF)